Safety Rubber Surfacing

How Safety Rubber Surfacing Can Lessen the Impact of Surface Injuries

Every year, thousands of people are involved in accidents due to surface-related incidents.

As the demand for amenities and amenities increases, companies are constantly on the lookout for materials that can add both values and appeal to their sports surfaces. Industries, such as healthcare, offices, and gyms, will benefit from recreational sports facilities that provide high levels of safety and comfort.

While there is no general rule that can prevent you from suffering an injury, the idea of installing safety rubber surfacing may lessen the impact. Safety rubber surfacing has different properties such as its shock-absorbing properties, water drainage system, and slip resistance.

These qualities make it the most effective type of surface in today’s market.

This article will outline how you can use these qualities to muffle injuries and provide safer sports facilities.

1. It has shock-absorbing properties.

One of the things that make safety rubber surfaces a better choice is their shock-absorbing qualities.

Safety rubber’s shock-absorbing capabilities lessen the impact of injuries from falls and blows because it slows the rate of energy transfer to your body, whether you’re a pedestrian, a cyclist, or a motorist.

The name “Safety Rubber Surfacing” says it all. The surface is made up of materials that have shock-absorbing properties. The use of this material in residential entryways, walkways, patios & decks ensures that if there are any accidents or injuries occurring in the home or other places where it’s installed, accidents are reduced by the floor.

What’s more, the shock-absorbing properties of safety rubber surfacing flooring can reduce the level of injury that results from jumping or falling, which is why it’s often incorporated into the design of sports facilities like playgrounds and athletic courts.

2. They have a softer surface.

Envision falling on a hard surface or concrete? You’re correct – it often results in hands and knees getting scrapped.

And that’s where safety rubber surfacing comes into the picture. Durable rubber flooring offers the best protection against surface injuries due to falling, slipping, tripping, and sliding. And you can thank its soft surface for it.

The great thing about this surface is that, even if the kids are using the playground very rough, they will not get hurt much. It is because the texture is soft and has no stiff edges that could hurt the kids.

With this in mind, rubber matting has become the material of choice for use in schools, medical facilities, factories, football fields, and sports courts worldwide.

3. Non-Slip Surface.

When working in the workplace, you are at risk of being injured because of falls or slips that can occur. However, safety rubber surfacing is one of the best materials available when it comes to providing a slip-resistant flooring surface that can lessen the impact of surface injuries.

Safety Rubber Flooring, with its non-skid surface, provides good traction even during wet conditions making it ideal for low impact activities, such as aerobics or dance class.

As a result, safety Rubber Surfacing is highly recommended for Gymnasium, Playground, School, Training Center, Factory and other Industrial Use.

Rubber also has the ability to have non-skid properties across its entire life span, which allows workers to maintain their balance while traversing various work areas. The non-skid surface makes it easier for workers inside industrial plants to work on scaffolding, ramps, and elevated platforms where stairs would be typically used.


It’s a familiar scenario: a young child slips on a wet tile in the bathroom and is sent face-first to the floor. A teenager trips on a basketball court and twists his ankle. An adult trips on a raised sidewalk and breaks their wrist. These injuries can be caused by many different types of surface accidents, but all have one thing in common: they could have been prevented with an appropriate safety surface.

It is good to make use of modern technology to lessen the impact of such injuries.

Safety rubber surfaces can be a suitable material to lessen such injuries. Even though safety rubber surfaces do not completely remove the risk of injuries, they can help by simply reducing their impact and severity.

The safety rubber surfacing is often used in schools, hospitals, sports venues, and many more places for its extensive safety benefits. It is important not only because it offers grip when wet, but when combined with its anti-slip properties, it’s even more effective.

Pool Deck Maintenance Mistakes That Must be Avoided at Any Cost

Pool Deck Maintenance Mistakes That Must be Avoided at Any Cost

Having proper pool deck maintenance in your residential or commercial place can ensure that your place looks aesthetically appealing, safe for you and your family, and at the same time, keeps the value of your asset intact.

However, when you are in charge of this maintenance, or when it is being outsourced to a contractor who is not aware of the best practices in maintaining pool decks, one can easily make some undesirable mistakes.

Here are some of the common pool deck maintenance mistakes that you must avoid at any cost:

1. Not considering your flooring options

Your pool deck surfacing is bound to gain heavy foot traffic. Plus, it is going to be constantly splashed with chlorinated water, subjected to high UV radiation and moisture damage, and there are several other factors that will compromise its durability, safety, and functionality in general.

It is thus crucial to consider your pool’s flooring options carefully. Many homeowners or even commercial establishments that own a swimming pool use rubber flooring.

It is because rubber surfaces are easy to install, skid-proof, waterproof, moisture-proof, absorb shocks, resistant to mild and dew, durable, and can be easily cleaned and maintained. High-quality rubber surfaces can even offer superior UV protection

Plus, there are different types of rubber flooring options with appealing aesthetics to choose from.

2. Hard and fast deck cleaning

The worst thing you can do during the maintenance procedure of your pool deck is to conduct a hard and fast cleaning. This includes implementing power tools and over-cleaning.

When you scrub or blast your pool too harshly, it will strip off the top surface. If you are using wood, you will notice patchy and uneven color. It will also increase the risk of water damage as it will allow moisture inside. Your wood will rot and ultimately your deck will have a bending shape. Even if you are using a sealant, vigorous rubbing and blasting will strip away the sealant.

For those pool owners who use jet washers while cleaning your deck, see that you are standing back from the deck. Also, use a fan tip. Don’t use wire brushes. They may damage the delicate wooden surface. And avoid using very strong chemical cleaners. They are notorious for corroding wooden surfaces if used for prolonged periods of time.

3. Neglecting the chemistry

You might have hired the services of professionals to do the cleaning job for you. Or you might be managing the maintenance yourself. Either way, it is crucial to stay on top of every chore.

Apart from cleaning your pool, you need to test the water chemistry and add the required chemicals at least weekly or more if the pool water is changing color from clear blue to a funky green.

If you maintain proper water chemical balance, your pool will always be clean and crystalline. Use algaecides like Yellow Treat to get rid of algae in the pool water.

Most algaecides are known to lessen your chlorine level when applied. Thus, you should see that there is a high level of chlorine in the pool before you start the treatment.

Low chlorine levels combined with the algaecide will make your pool even greener in color.

Make sure to go through and follow the instructions left by the manufacturer. At the same time, check your pool pump to ensure the algaecide reaches every corner of your pool.

4. Not going for the resurfacing

After some good years of use, your pool deck will wear out and need refinishing. If you don’t look into it at the right time, you will incur heavy property loss.

Remember, pool deck resurfacing is not a simple task. It is not just repainting the oil on and leaving it to dry off. It involves a demanding process, and the job is best left to a professional.

First, you need to deep clean the entire deck. If there is dirt, it will block the oil from penetrating the wood. You will thus have a patchy finish. The process also demands deep sanding in some areas.

You can also consider installing rubber surfaces while resurfacing your pool deck. It is a cost-effective option, and you have plenty of design choices. You can either use natural rubber or synthetic rubber. These are the two major rubber types used in rubber surfacing.

That’s a Wrap!

If you are someone who has to take care of their pool deck, then you know how much you need to pay attention to it. This is your main entrance to your house, so you want to make sure it is always looking its best. The simple truth is that there are things that must be taken care of in order to take care of your pool deck.

Follow these points mentioned above to make sure you avoid all the major pool deck maintenance mistakes.

Compelling Benefits of EPDM Surfacing You Cannot Ignore

5 Compelling Benefits of EPDM Surfacing You Cannot Ignore

Impeccable surfacing is an instant game-changer in areas like playgrounds or gyms that experience a lot of footfall and physical activity. Finding the right surfacing solution that can handle the ‘pressure; and pay off, in the long run, is important in such cases.

This is where EPDM surfacing comes in.

Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer (EPDM) surfacing, also known as poured-in-place rubber surfacing, is made of two layers of synthetic rubber. The base layer is made of bulky rubber scraps, whereas the top or the “wear” layer is made of EPDM, TPV (Thermoplastic Vulcanizate), and/or recycled rubber granules mixed with polyurethane binders.

The mixture poured by professionals leaves no seams and results in a uniform, joint-free surface eliminating the chances of rubber splintering. EPDM surfacing enhances the utility of outdoor and indoor spaces through reliable shock-absorbent properties, integrated with a visually pleasing design.

Still mulling over the advantages? Here’s the lowdown of why EPDM surfacing is considered to be a great surfacing option by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM).

1. Maximum safety

One of the top attributes that any surfacing system should possess is safety. EPDM surfacing effortlessly checks off that box. For children aged 0 to 19, falls can prove to be one of the leading causes of nonfatal injuries. With EPDM surfacing, you don’t have to stress about any major injuries while your child plays around to their heart’s content or have excruciating pain in your soles due to impactful exercises.

The synthetic rubber has an inherently high coefficient of friction which leads to anti-slip and anti-skid properties, making it quite difficult for any individual to trip or fall over the surface. Despite this, if you happen to encounter an inglorious fall, the multiple surfaces work befittingly to attenuate the impact by absorbing the shock.

2. Versatile

Another great part about an EPDM surface is that its use is not restricted to outdoor areas like playgrounds, gyms, and sports centers. There are many applications of EDPM surfaces as they fit in quite easily. The cushion-y material can be installed in kitchens, for example, where you may need to stand for longer durations while cooking, thus making the activity ergonomically comfortable.

The EPDM rubber surfacing is also known for its resistance to moisture, making it an ideal choice for your pool decks and bathrooms. The aesthetic appeal and compliance to ADA requirements make it the perfect solution for public places like hotels, schools, and offices as well.

3. Durable

Expecting the flooring surface to be durable in the long run is only justified. Well, rest assured, as EPDM surfacing wins with flying colors in that department as well.

Allow us to get into a bit of technicality here — EPDM is an elastomer composed of single bonds. The elastomer proves to be a pro at resisting the UV rays due to this property. This provides the synthetic rubber an edge over its unsaturated natural rubber step-siblings. This rubber surface can brace for all kinds of extreme weathering conditions and varying temperatures.

The high density and tensile strength of EPDM rubber make the surface tenacious resulting in minimal wear and tear and no splintering of the rubber particle. The EPDM rubber and other materials used for surfacing adhere to the ASTM standards that result in the longevity of the final product.

4. Pocket-friendly option

EPDM rubber surfacing proves to be cost-effective along with being durable in the long term. The maintenance of this surface is fairly easy and cost-efficient. The installation can be done directly on a crushed stone foundation and does not need a separate substructure.

Plus, EPDM surfaces are highly moisture-resistant eliminating the possibility of mold or mildew. The colors seldom fade over time which further eliminates the need for touch-ups or polishing to keep the surface looking splendid.

5. Personalized aesthetic

EPDM surfacing stands apart from other surfacing solutions mainly because it brings along the freedom to customize the design and colors according to your liking. The granules are available in plenty of colors and can be mixed and matched to create the desired color.

You can have vibrant designs when you are incorporating it in the playground or of a darker color based on the place you are selecting a surface for. The colors will not fade because of EPDM’s high stability under prolonged exposure to UV rays. You can get as creative as you want and implement the latest design trends with the colors, patterns, and textures.



Parting thoughts

Considering the varied advantages and applications of EPDM, there is little doubt that it can prove to be a great surfacing solution for many indoor and outdoor spaces. It is cost-effective, of excellent quality and proves to be durable for a long time making it perfect for commercial as well as residential applications.

2 Major Types of Rubber Used in Rubber Surfacing: A Direct Comparison

2 Major Types of Rubber Used in Rubber Surfacing: A Direct Comparison

Are you considering installing rubber surfacing in your home or outdoors?

Then, you will be interested to know the types of rubber used in rubber surfacing. It will help you to choose the best rubber type that suits your requirements.

There are many different types of rubber that are used in rubber surfacing. However, rubber can be classified into two main types – natural rubber that is, as the name suggests, procured naturally, and synthetic rubber that is made with petroleum.

Let’s compare the two rubber types to find out which rubber will best suit your requirements.

Natural rubber

Natural rubber is made out of the latex sap derived from the rubber tree. It consists of long isoprene polymer chains that are connected loosely. Rubber is elastic in nature and has tensile strength. It is also resistant to wear and heat.


  • Flexible and Elastic – Natural rubber is used in rubber surfacing mostly owing to its flexibility, elasticity, tensile strength, and wear and heat resistance.
  • Anti-bacterial properties – Natural rubber is also anti-bacterial and anti-dust mite. So, it is a hygienic solution for homeowners looking to install rubber floors.
  • Eco-friendly – Natural rubber is biodegradable, sustainable, and eco-friendly. Natural rubber flooring is also suitable for both indoors and outdoors.
  • Added safety – It provides added safety as it is anti-slip and absorbs impact. Plus, it is noise-absorbent as well.
  • Great for gyms – Due to the high coefficient of friction in the material, rubber flooring is a great option for workstations, home gyms, or any place where you have to stand for a long period of time while being efficient.
  • Affordable – Natural rubber is affordable, easy to maintain and install.


  • The natural rubber has natural impurities and is susceptible to environmental conditions, oil, fuel, and non-polar solvents.
  • It is less resistant to heat, light, and ozone, unlike synthetic rubber.
  • Latex can induce allergic reactions.

Synthetic rubber

Synthetic rubber is a man-made rubber. It is made using petroleum and other minerals. This rubber type is more durable than natural rubber and gives many of the same benefits that natural rubber provides.

The most popular synthetic rubber surfaces include EPDM rubber, recycled rubber, neoprene rubber, nitrile rubber, and butyl rubber.


  • More durable – Synthetic rubber is more durable and resilient than natural rubber. High-quality synthetic rubber floors can withstand extreme weather conditions and can last for up to 20 years if you maintain them properly.
  • Higher shock-absorbing impact – It has a high shock-absorbing impact and is anti-slip, and thus offers added safety during accidents or falls. It also absorbs noise – which is a great option if you are designing an inclusive home or inclusive play area for kids.
  • Serves as a cushion – Synthetic rubber floor serves as a cushion under your feet and will keep your room warm during the winter.
  • Moisture Resistant – Since synthetic rubber is moisture-resistant, water or fluid spills will not damage it.
  • Pathogen Resistant – It doesn’t breed pathogens like bacteria and fungi. Thus, it is a hygienic flooring option for those looking for one.
  • Wide variety to choose from – There are plenty of synthetic rubber floor designs and colors to choose from. Naturally, it will improve the aesthetic appeal of your home.
  • Cost-effective – Synthetic rubber flooring is cost-effective and is more readily available.


  • When new, synthetic rubber floor emits an odor. Though harmless, it can be very unpleasant as well.
  • To install a synthetic rubber floor, you will need the help of a professional. Don’t go DIY unless you are an expert yourself.
  • You need to install a subfloor prior to rubber floor installation.
  • It is not nearly as biodegradable as natural rubber.

Natural rubber vs. Synthetic rubber: Which one is better? 

It all boils down to its application. Synthetic rubber is a better choice if you are going to use it in high-traffic areas or outdoors as it has a higher temperature, aging, and abrasion resistance. It is also cheaper to produce.

Conversely, natural rubber is sturdy, flexible, and heat-resistant. It is also a bio-degradable, sustainable, and eco-friendly option.

However, note that synthetic rubber manufacturers also make recycled rubber floors out of items like automobile tires that otherwise could have ended up in the landfill.

You can choose the rubber type depending on where you are going to use it.

An Essential Guide to Creating an Inclusive Play Area

An Essential Guide to Creating an Inclusive Play Area

Playtime is a critical part of childhood development. It teaches children several life skills, relieves stress, stimulates creativity and exploration, and boosts confidence.

All kids, regardless of their abilities, have the right to stay active, learn, make friends, and socialize. Inclusive play areas do just that! They allow kids of all abilities to connect with others positively and enjoy their playtime.

In this post, we will share a few interesting tips to create a well-designed playground to meet the developmental needs of all kids.

1. Aim for Accessibility 

When we talk about individuals with varying abilities, it also includes those facing mobility challenges. The play area should be designed such that kids and adults with a wheelchair, a walker, a cane, or another mobility device should be able to access the space.

The ASTM F1951 standards and ADA regulations require playgrounds to be accessible to mobility devices. Hence, one of the important considerations when designing an inclusive play space is safe and accessible surfacing. An ideal surface ensures easy access and safety for all users.

Grass and materials like wood chips, sand, and pea gravel make it challenging for people with disabilities to navigate the area.

On the other hand, a firm yet shock-absorbing surface like poured-in-place rubber is perfect in such settings. The surface also offers adequate protection in case of a high-risk fall. 

2. Include Multi-Sensory Elements

Sensory play is one of the most critical features of an inclusive play area. These elements appeal to and stimulate the main senses, namely touch, sight, hearing, balance, and movement.

Here are a few sensory elements that you can include in the play area to make it inclusive.

  • Auditory


Auditory processing is all about how the brain captures, interprets, and recognizes sound stimuli. Children love sounds and music and elements, such as musical instruments and talking tubes.

  • Visual



Visual perception is how the brain processes what the eyes see. Including visual activities in the play area, namely adding flashlight tags, telescopes, shadow puppets, and brightly colored play panels can help kids interpret and understand visual information and compare them with the experiences made earlier in life.

  • Tactile or Touch

Tactile or Touch


The sense of touch results from the stimulation of neural receptors in the skin and hair follicles. Activities involving experimenting with textures can help stimulate this sense.

For instance, climbing rocks, play panels, or walls covered with a variety of textures can generate tons of stimulation and enhance a child’s playground experience.

  • Proprioceptive


The proprioceptive system relates to the stimuli produced by the contraction and stretching of muscles during activities like bending or pulling.

Equipment and activities involving climbing, namely climbing walls, ladders,  freestanding climbers, net climbers, and trampolines can help stimulate the proprioceptive senses.

  • Vestibular



The vestibular system is found in the middle ear. It relates to the perception of our body and the surrounding factors like gravity, movement, and balance.

The products that stimulate the vestibular system include spinners, swings, and balancing activities. 

3. Make Safety a Priority 

The probability of accidents and injuries is high in play areas. Hence, it’s critical to take adequate safety measures to make the play area safe and enjoyable for all.

  • Inspect the area regularly. Check for dangerous items like broken glass or unsafe equipment that could cause serious injuries.
  • Make sure all the equipment is safe and up-to-code. For instance, protruding bolt heads, sharp edges, and hooks can lead to serious injuries. The playground equipment is free of these.
  • Avoid abrasive and hard surfaces. Instead, go for a shock-absorbing and anti-skid surface like poured-in-place rubber surfacing.
  • Include equipment-to-surface transition areas, such as ramps and slides that can help kids with all abilities access the area with ease.

4. Don’t Miss Out on the Fun Part 

Adhering to the ASTM and ADA requirements is core building an inclusive play area. But remember not to miss out on adding a fun element to the space.

Integrate these requirements into the playground design and create an exciting visual path that will engage all the little users. Enhance the area with varied colors, shapes, and materials.


Finally, add innovative equipment like a no-transfer inclusive swing that enables kids in wheelchairs and other mobility aids to explore and have fun. 

5. Plan Spaces That Offer an Opportunity for Calm

Children tend to feel overwhelmed when they experience sensory overload. Hence, they need a secluded and quiet space to catch their breath and re-calibrate.

Make sure the play area has a few multi-play structures or playhouses that feel secluded and enclosed, yet are within the view of parents and guardians.

Wrapping Up 

Parks and play spaces are an integral part of childhood development. Hence, we need to break down the barriers that make it tough for kids with varying abilities to access the area.

The information shared above will guide you as you build an inclusive playground. If you are looking for more guidance, get in touch with the River Rock Surfacing team. We have been designing and building playgrounds for over 3 decades. Call us now!


Safety Flooring in Daycares: What You Need to Know

Safety is a prime concern for daycare and childcare center owners. From the furniture to the outdoor spaces, daycare providers do everything in their capacity to create a safe and enjoyable environment for kids.

Whether they are playing, crawling around, or simply exploring, flooring is where kids spend most of their indoor time. Hence, it’s important to provide them with a surface that’s safe and won’t cause rug burns.

In this post, we have shared useful tips on how to select an ideal surfacing for your daycare. Later in the post, you’ll also find the not-so-ideal options.

Daycares Safety Surfacing Features

Children, especially toddlers and young kids, spend a lot of time crawling, sitting, roughhousing, or moving around on the flooring. That’s a normal day for them. It helps them learn new skills, socialize, and have fun. Hence, when choosing a safety flooring for a childcare center, it’s important to pay attention to their needs.

Consider these features when opting for a suitable surfacing for your childcare center. 

1. Comfort 

Not all the surfaces are easy on the little feet. For instance, a tiled surface or the conventional ceramic is inflexible and leads to a lot of strain on the feet.

Since your daycare members like to be on their feet at all times, they deserve a soft, cushiony, and comfortable surface. Soft surfaces cradle the feet and reduce the strain on their delicate feet muscles and joints. 

2. High Traction

Children are naturally curious and tend to climb on everything they find intriguing. Hence, slips and falls are a part of their overall development. But when these falls result in serious injuries and fractures, the daycare staff is held liable as they are responsible for the child’s safety.

Hence, it’s important to apply a surfacing material that offers adequate grip underfoot. For instance, rubber is one surfacing material that has a high coefficient of friction. Hence, it can significantly reduce the chances of children slipping or injuring themselves, even on wet surfaces.

Thus, installing a safe surface like rubber can help in creating a safe environment where kids can practice and develop new skills.

3. High Shock Absorbing Potential 

As mentioned above, falling and stumbling is a normal part of a child’s growing years. But there are two factors that determine the seriousness of a fall, namely –

  • The height from which a child falls. The lesser the height the lower is the risk.
  • The surface on which the child falls. Hard surfaces like concrete or ceramic tiles can be unforgiving, causing serious injuries. On the other hand, a springy surface like rubber has the capacity to absorb the shock and reduce the severity of the impact.

The surface you choose should possess excellent shock-absorbing potential.

4. Quiet Surface 

Daycares tend to have kids of all age groups. On one hand, we have toddlers and infants who need their share of sleep, and on the other, we have school-going kids who may want to finish their homework with minimum disturbance. As a daycare provider, you need to ensure a peaceful and productive environment for all.

Hence, daycares should install a quiet surface that has the potential to absorb and prevent the transmission of sound waves. Rubber and cork are excellent choices when it comes to quiet surfaces, except that cork is porous and prone to moisture damage. 

5. Hygienic 

With their hands and feet on the floor, your childcare center needs a surface that’s inhospitable to pathogens. Moreover, with kids, accidental spills are quite common. And not to forget, the mess they create when they play with clay or sand.

So, the surface should also be easy to clean and non-absorbent, allowing the caretakers to easily wipe off the spill before it penetrates and damages the subfloor. 

6. High Durability

Daycare and kindergarten floors take most of the battering. The flooring needs to be versatile and durable enough to play the role of a car racetrack, a dance floor, or a cartwheel zone.

You need a hard-wearing surface that can withstand the foot traffic of the kids and the caretakers.

Rubber Surfacing: The Most Recommended Surface for Daycares

When we consider the above features, the only option that ticks all the boxes is poured-in-place rubber surfacing. Rubber is a versatile flooring material that’s ideal for the following reasons.

  • It’s hard-wearing and can stand up to heavy traffic and intensive activities.
  • It’s a springy surface that’s comfortable underfoot. Hence, rubber surfaces do not cause feet fatigue.
  • It’s an anti-skip surface. Hence, it reduces the risk of slips and falls.
  • It can absorb shocks. Hence, even if a kid falls from a height they will not suffer serious injuries.
  • It is a quiet surface that absorbs sound waves and their transmission. No wonder, rubber surfacing is installed in apartments and movie theatres.
  • It’s easy to clean and maintain.
  • It is inhospitable to disease-causing pathogens like bacteria, viruses, and fungi, making it a hygienic surface.
  • It is impervious to water. Hence, the surface doesn’t allow moisture to immediately seep into the subfloor.

Inappropriate Surfaces for Daycares

By now, you may be already convinced that rubber is a great flooring choice for childcare centers. Yet, it’s important to let you know about the flooring options that are an absolute no.

  • Ceramic tile flooring – These surfaces are hard and have a low coefficient of friction. Hence, they are unsafe for spaces frequented by children.
  • Carpet – Wall-to-wall carpeting may seem like a great option for childcare centers as it’s soft and offers adequate cushioning underfoot. However, carpets are home to pathogenic bacteria, viruses, and mold.
    Moreover, in case of spills, the surface tends to absorb the fluids, damaging the subfloor and giving off an offensive odor in the long term.
  • Cork – Cork is soft and possesses noise-canceling properties. However, the surface is porous. Hence, any spill needs to be wiped off immediately, else it will seep into the flooring.

Moreover, cork isn’t a durable surface as it’s prone to scratches and stains.

Summing Up

For all daycare providers, the safety of kids is paramount. Hence, they need to invest in a surface that’s safe and hygienic. Poured-in-place rubber surfacing is an ideal flooring option as it meets all the criteria we’ve discussed above.

If you are considering a new surface for your childcare center, get in touch with the River Rock Resurfacing team. We have been offering residential and commercial flooring solutions for more than three decades. Call us now and we will guide you with the best flooring solutions.

rubber flooring basements

Rubber Flooring for Basements: What You Need to Know

Are you planning to transform your basement into a gym? Or perhaps, you might even want to turn your basement into a home office.

Though these ideas are great, basements have a reputation of being damp, moldy, stinky, and high in moisture level.

However, there’s a solid solution that can help you do away with these issues for once and all – and that is rubber flooring.

Installing rubber surfacing on your basement floor will solve a huge chunk of these problems.

Here are important things you need to know about basement rubber flooring:

Why should you choose rubber flooring for basements?

Basement moisture is one of the most common issues people face. Plus, its damp and humid environment attracts molds, mildew, bacteria, fungi, and other organisms.

And many online studies suggest that mold and mildew can cause headaches, allergic reactions, and breathing issues. It is especially bad for people with asthmatic conditions.

Plus, 40% of the air that fills the first floor of your house comes from your basement. This makes it even more crucial to keep your basement clean and fresh.

And that’s where rubber flooring comes into the picture.

Installing rubber flooring on your basement floor helps you keep your basement moisture-free and dry. Naturally, you will also be breathing fresher air.

Here are the popular reasons why you should choose rubber flooring for basements:

  • To keep your basement moisture-free

Rubber flooring for basements is the ultimate choice as rubber floors can resist moisture better than other options available on the market. Even in case of water leaking from under the tile, the rubber will serve as a barrier and keep your property safe.

Plus, rubber floors will prevent slips and falls when the floor is wet due to its anti-slip properties.

  • To keep molds and mildews at bay

Molds can give you headaches, allergic reactions, and breathing problems. You can use rubber flooring to keep molds and mildews at bay by keeping your basement dry. Without moisture, molds and mildews will not thrive.

  • Because you get plenty of choices

When planning for your basement floor, you want plenty of choices so that you can choose the best option for your floor. Rubber flooring gives you plenty of options. From rubber floor mats to rubber tile and rubber floor rolls, you get to choose the best available option.

If you are planning to create a home gym, rubber mats can be an ideal option. You can lay them on any hard, flat surface for added cushioning. While thinner mats can be used for home workouts, if you are using professional sports facilities, you can go for a thicker rubber mat so that it can withstand high-impact activity and heavy foot traffic.

Rubber tiles are a popular choice for both residential and commercial areas. And if your basement area is large, you can opt for rubber rolls. They will give you a seamless floor, and at the same time, they are the most economical option.

  • For its versatility

Rubber flooring offers versatility. Whether you want to create a home basement gym, storage room, or just a cozy additional room, rubber flooring can serve many purposes.

Rubber floors are resilient, resistant to moisture, shock-absorbent, durable, easy to clean and maintain and give you a comfy ground for your feet to rest. It can also keep the room warm in winter.

  • For its aesthetic appeal

Basements are usually dark, cold, and creepy areas. Not to mention the musty smell that you get when you enter them. Rubber flooring can not only solve the problem of keeping your basement moisture-free and air clean, but it can also enhance its aesthetic appeal.

Modern rubber floors come in a multitude of colors, designs, patterns, and textures. Some manufacturers even create custom color mixtures. It will definitely give your basement a facelift.

  • For its ease of installation and easy maintenance

Rubber flooring is one of the easiest to install on almost any subfloor type. Depending on the state of the basement surface, area shape, and so on, rubber flooring installation will take only two to three days.

You can take the help of a rubber surfacing expert, discuss your requirements, and just wait and relax. Owing to its durability and sturdiness, you can expect the flooring to last for many years.

All things considered, rubber flooring installation is an excellent investment.

And once the flooring is installed, it is easy to maintain. It is easy to clean, water-proof, and can withstand high volumes of traffic and high impact.

Things to consider while choosing basement floor surfaces

Here’s a checklist you can refer to while choosing your basement floor surfaces:

  • Durability:  Your basement floor surfaces should be durable. Whether you are turning your basement into a gym, storage, or a kid’s playroom, it is going to have a high volume of foot traffic. Plus, you will be placing furniture or equipment. Since the rubber surface is able to withstand the heavyweight, it makes it a great choice.
  • Ease of maintenance: You don’t want basement flooring that needs special cleansing chemicals or tools to clean. You can clean rubber floors easily just by using the items you already have. A vacuum cleaner, soap, and mop are enough.
  • Easy installation: You don’t want to wait for weeks for the installation to be complete. You can choose rubber mats or rolls that are easy to install.
  • Consider your requirements: This one is crucial as it will determine whether you will install thin or thick rubber flooring. Consider whether the flooring needs to meet any specific standards such as traction, stability, slip resistance, shock and sound absorption, and so on.
  • The size and shape of your flooring area: You need to measure the size and shape of your floor area so that there will be no excess or shortage. A flooring installation expert can help you in this process.
  • Project budget: Rubber flooring is affordable. However, you need to talk to an expert and share your requirements to make an estimate of the project.


Basements can be converted into an attractive, functional, and health-friendly space, provided you know how to remodel it. Installing rubber flooring is a great idea if you are aiming for a home gym, kid’s playroom, storage space, or workroom.

Also, make sure that you lay out a good plan that will be able to guide your installation process before getting started.

featured aquatic environments flooring

Safety Flooring for Aquatic Environments: An Essential Guide

Amusement parks with water-play features often see injuries due to riding operator error, defective rides, mechanical issues, and falls. However, one of the most catastrophic injuries that occur in such aquatic environments is due to tripping hazards and unsafe surfaces. The US Consumer Product Safety Commission confirms that each year, thousands of kids and adults suffer from fall injuries on pool decks, spray zones, splash pads, rain decks, or recreation parks, resulting in emergency room visits.

The operators of such recreational spaces have always struggled with an ideal surfacing owing to their playful and interactive nature. The combination of bare feet and the absence of safety surfacing can leave the users with bruises, broken bones, burned feet, and head injuries. The liability of such injuries often lies the theme park owner, the staff and the ride operator, the equipment manufacturer, and the contractors and subcontractors working on a property.

To solve these issues and make their amusement destination safe and enjoyable, pool and splash pad owners have been applying playground safety surfaces like poured-in-place rubber surfacing. Here’s why!

Rubber Surfaces Meet the NSF /ANSI 50 Requirements

Rubber surfacing is an ideal surface for aquatic environments as they meet the NSF/ANSI 50 requirements.

The NSI or the National Sanitation Foundation is a third-party certification group that works with various stakeholders to offer safety-based risk management solutions.

The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a private non-profit organization that administers the US voluntary performance standards for products and systems related to recreational water facilities.

In 2019, the NSI/ANSI introduced a standard for the surfacing requirements in an aquatic environment. It required surfaces to meet six performance and safety-based requirements.

1. Slip Resistance

All surfaces of pool decks and splash pads should be slip-resistant and offer enough traction underfoot without being abrasive. The surface is independently tested using the British pendulum method that simulates real-world conditions.

Rubber has a high coefficient of friction; hence, it is known to have anti-skid properties even in wet conditions. The flooring is non-slip and prevents falls and serious injuries. Moreover, rubber surfacing is comfortable and non-abrasive underfoot, thereby preventing scratches or bruises when people walk barefoot.

2. Impact Absorption

An ideal water park or splash pad surface should be able to absorb the impact of a fall. The surface should achieve a Head Injury Criterion (HIC) of less than 1000  with a minimum fall height of 0.20 meters. It’s critical to keep HIC below 1000 (the ideal value is 750) as the probability of serious injuries increases with the increase in the value.

When a person slips or falls, the impact force causes serious injuries. Surfacing materials like rubber have high impact-absorbing potential. EPDM rubber molecules can reduce the amplitude of incoming shock waves, thereby preventing injury to the joints or tissues. These surfaces are specially designed to cushion a falling person, making them ideal for areas frequented by seniors and children.

3. Chemical Resistance 

The surfacing material used should resist the aggressive and corrosive action of chlorine, algaecides, salts, and other disinfectants used in pools and splash pads.

EPDM rubber is a tough surfacing material that resists most of the harsh chemicals used to arrest the growth of pathogens and maintain the pH of the water. Moreover, EPDM floors are quoted with a special coating that can boost their chemical resistance.

4. UV Light Resistance

The standards require surfaces to be highly resistant to UV radiation without degrading the material or causing discoloration.

River Rock Resurfacing’s rubber surfacing comes with a resin (a polymer) that’s made up of long chains of repeating molecules. This lends the surface its tensile strength, flexibility, and resistance to ultraviolet exposure. Though the UV exposure can cause these resins to amber temporarily, it will not have any negative impact on color, resilience, or adhesion.

5. Ease of Cleaning

According to the standards, an ideal surface should respond well to cleaning and sanitization measures. Further, it should be inhospitable to pathogens.

Rubber surfaces resist the growth of pathogens. The specially designed resins used as binders further make it impossible for bacteria, viruses, or mold to grow or proliferate. This makes poured-in-place rubber surfacing safe and hygienic.

6. Impermeability 

Lastly, the surface should be impermeable to water, sunscreen, and other substances.

Rubber surfaces are impermeable and can stand up to moisture. The surface is sealed to minimize its absorption of water and stains. This protects the subfloor from moisture damage and the excess water can be easily wiped off.

Rubber Surfaces Are Easy to Install

Rubber safety surfacing comprises high-grade ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM) rubber granules mixed with a strong urethane binder. The mixture can be applied to cracked, worn, or heaved surfaces made of concrete, asphalt, flagstone, and others to achieve a seamless look.

The installation takes 1-2 days depending on the condition of the subfloor. This means you get a seamless carpet-like surface in less than 48 hours.

Rubber Surfaces Are Super-Customizable 

EPDM granules are available in a wide variety of colors. Further, the surface can be customized as per your needs and brand theme. You can either go for a single color or choose the speckled look to complement the overall look of the recreational space.



The River Rock Resurfacing team can tailor the surface according to your requirements. Get in touch with us for details!

Summing Up

Water parks and splash pads are the best spots to visit in summers as they are full of fun rides and water-play features. But besides ensuring a fun and adventurous environment for all, splash pads, pools, and water parks should be safe for use.

Safety is a prime consideration in surface designing for aquatic environments. That’s where rubber surfacing comes into the picture. Wet-pour rubber surfaces are durable and slip-resistant, making them a safe surface for aquatic environments.

If you are considering a resurfacing project for your pool deck, splash pad, or water park, talk to our team. We are eagerly waiting for your call or email!

Playground Surface

The Only Advice You’ll Need When Installing a Safe Playground Surface

The Consumer Product Safety Commission shares that each year more than 200 thousand kids land up in the emergency room due to injuries in public playgrounds. Nearly 80% of these injuries are due to falls and 10% of the cases are treated from traumatic brain injuries.

This data is enough to lay emphasis on the need for safety surfacing in playgrounds. If you are planning a playground resurfacing, it’s wise to consider the points shared in this post. This will help you build a playground that’s safe and enjoyable for the little ones.

1. Begin with a Levelled Surface 

A leveled playground works great for any surface you choose as it helps in getting rid of the obstacles and depressions in the ground that may cause tripping hazards. The smooth surface also acts as a great base for surfaces like wet-pour rubber to settle in and achieve the depth required for maximum safety.

This is a good time to think about getting rid of the large rocks, tree stumps, or troughs on the surface. Also, if you think drainage will be an issue, work on it now. For instance, you can provide for drainage by having a 3 inch base of pea gravel or rock.

2. Filter Out the Inappropriate Surfacing Options

First things first, be clear about what you do not want for your playground flooring.

An ideal playground flooring should be durable with high traction and shock-absorbing potential. The surface should be firm but soft and springy underfoot to make it comfortable and safe for the little ones to move around without the fear of injuries. Also, it should be stain-resistant and impermeable to moisture damage.

All this means grass, concrete, asphalt, pea gravel, sand, and engineered wood chips are out. These surfacing materials may seem like a great playground surfacing option, they lead to unnecessary hazards as they are non-impact absorbing surfaces. Further, materials like sand and wood chips soon disburse across the ground or begin to decompose, heavily compromising the integrity and safety of the surface.

Instead, think of a versatile flooring option like poured-in-place rubber surfacing that will not just withstand heavy foot traffic and intensive activities but is also springy enough to absorb fall impact and prevent injuries.
Surfacing Options
Also, EPDM rubber surfacing is available in a variety of colors and can be customized as per your needs to build an attractive ADA-accessible playground surface.

3. Consider the Impact Attenuation of the Playground Surfaces 

Playground surfaces should be built in a way that protects the little users from an impact that results in an injury.

Impact attenuation is the measure of the shock-absorbing potential of a playground surface. Testing a play area for impact attenuation is important for reducing the risk of serious head injuries.

The test simulates the impact of a kid’s head on the surface. During the test, a ball form, representing a child’s head, is dropped from varying heights onto the surface. The results determine the critical fall height which is the vertical distance between the playground surface and the highest designated play area or the highest point a child can safely stand on.

Simply put, the critical fall height is the highest point from which a serious injury will not occur. So, if your playground surface’s fall height is 4 feet, it means that a kid can fall from this height without any life-threatening injury.

Choose a surface that offers maximum impact attenuation. For instance, a poured-in-place rubber surface is made up of two layers that use a binder (aliphatic or aromatic) and are troweled on the spot.

  • The base layer comprising tire buffings for maximum impact attenuation
  • The top layer that’s typically made of EPDM rubber

River Rock Resurfacing is dedicated to preventing fall injuries in children. We comply with the standard specification for impact attenuation detailed in ASTM F1292.

4. Maintain the Playground

Regardless of the type of flooring material used, it’s important to invest in the regular upkeep of the space. Kids love running and jumping around. That’s what playgrounds are made for. However, if these high-traffic spaces aren’t maintained properly the surface may develop tripping hazards or offer inadequate fall protection.

For instance, in the case of rubber surfacing, the installer should routinely check if the EPDM granules are dislodging in the high-traffic areas. If that’s the case, they will use a rebinder to rebind the surface before it becomes unsafe for use. Only an expert rubber surfacing installer will proactively conduct such inspections and take the necessary precautions.

Wrapping Up

Many serious fall injuries can be prevented on playgrounds by just installing an appropriate surface. Today, most playgrounds prefer poured-in-place rubber surfacing because it’s tough, lasts for several years, and can absorb the impact of a fall. This makes this surface a safe choice for playgrounds, playpens, daycare centers, school play areas, or any space that’s frequented by children.

If you are planning to undertake a playground resurfacing project, contact River Rock Resurfacing. With more than 5000 completed projects, we have been bringing smiles to our client’s faces for more than three decades. Call us now to share your requirement!


10 Residential Applications of Poured-In-Place Rubber Surfacing

Gone are the days when rubber surfacing was considered to be ideal only for commercial applications like shop floors, weight rooms, cafeterias, and industrial kitchens. Owing to its versatility, durability, and ease of installation, rubber safety surfacing like poured-in-place or wet-pour rubber is increasingly finding residential applications.

In this post, we have highlighted residential applications of poured-in-place rubber surfacing.

Why Rubber Is Being Used in Residential Spaces?

One of the biggest reasons for the growing popularity of rubber surfacing in homes is the amazing variety of colors and patterns it offers. Modern rubber surfacing makes an appealing designer’s choice. You can choose a single color or opt for a freckled look to add interest and depth to a room.

Moreover, rubber floors are extremely durable and need little upkeep. They can stand up to routine wear and tear due to high-intensity activities. The flooring offers a firm cushion-like surface underfoot, making it comfortable for people to move around or stand for long hours with minimal foot fatigue or leg pain. It also absorbs the impact of a fall or a slip, thereby reducing the risk of serious injuries.

What’s more? Because rubber surfaces absorb sound, they are increasingly preferred in apartment complexes, townhouses, and apartments. The sound-absorbing or acoustic properties of rubber arrest airborne (people talking, TV, and music) and footfall impact sound (like plumbing noise).

Finally, rubber is inhospitable to disease-causing microorganisms like bacteria, viruses, and fungi. So, even in wet environments, rubber flooring will stand up to mold or mildew that may otherwise flourish under a carpet or wooden surfaces.

All these benefits of rubber surfacing make it an ideal flooring material for residential properties.

Now, let’s see which rooms will benefit the most from rubber surfacing.

1. Living Room

The living room is a space to socialize with other family members and guests. Hence, most of us spend a lot of time here. It goes without saying that this room deserves a surface that’s not just strikingly attractive but also comfortable underfoot.

Poured-in-place rubber surfacing is ideal for this room as it feels like a firm cushion underfoot, making it comfortable and safe for people of all ages and capabilities. For instance, it’s a great surface if you have senior family members or kids who are prone to falling or tripping.

Also, as mentioned earlier, modern rubber surfacing is available in a wide variety of patterns that can be applied to elevate the look of this space.

2. Bedroom

A bedroom’s a place where you unwind. You begin and end your day here. Hence, this space needs to carry that warm, comfortable, quiet, and friendly vibe.

Rubber floors offer a soft surface underfoot that doesn’t get too cold in wintery conditions (unlike ceramic). Moreover, rubber’s acoustic properties help in keeping low the unwanted sounds like footsteps of people entering or passing by.

3. Kitchen

Those who cook a meal or bake know how much time one needs to spend standing in the kitchen. Standing for long periods on hard surfaces like ceramic or wood can cause foot fatigue and low back pain. At such times, you need a springy surface beneath your foot for adequate support and comfort.

Rubber surfaces act as a cushion underfoot and adjust to the contours of your feet. This hugely reduces the risk of injuries or strain to muscles.

Besides, kitchens are not just cooking spaces anymore. The modern kitchen is the social hub of a household. So, you would surely want to install a flooring like rubber in this area that’s not just attractive and comfortable but also easy to clean.

4. Kids’ Room or Nursery

The kids’ room is a great candidate for rubber surfacing. Firstly, rubber has a high coefficient of friction.  Hence, it offers high traction and anti-skid even under wet conditions.

Secondly, the springy surface is known to absorb the impact of falls, thereby protecting your little adventurers from serious head injuries. No wonder, rubber surfaces are the flooring of choice in playgrounds, daycares, and sports facilities.

The noise-canceling surface is also ideal for a nursery where you need a quiet and calming environment for the little one to sleep.

5. Mudroom

The mudroom serves as a midway point between the outside world and the tidy home interiors. In most households, this area is chaotic as it could be used as a laundry corner, a catch-all destination, storage area, entryway, or all of these. Also, this space sees a lot of people and pets all the time. No wonder, the mudroom is almost always full of dirt and dust (that’s why the name!).

This area demands a surface that’s easy to clean and durable (resistant to routine scuffs and scratches). Rubber surfacing is all this and more. It can stand up to the heavy foot (and paw!) traffic. Moreover, to clean rubber surfaces, all you need is a mild cleaning solution and a mop.

6. Bathrooms

Rubber surfaces shrug off moisture. Further, they are anti-skid even in moist conditions and provide a hostile environment for pathogens, making it a hygienic flooring choice in bathrooms. For added traction, River Rock Resurfacing also offers a slip-resistant surface texture. Get in touch with our team to know your bathroom surfacing options.

7. Pool Deck

If you are one of those lucky Americans who own a swimming pool or a paddle pool, we recommend resurfacing the deck with poured-in-place rubber surfacing. Here are the three top reasons for installing rubber surfaces around the pool.

Rubber surfaces are anti-skid even in wet conditions. So, you’ll not have to bother about kids, seniors, or pets slipping or hurting themselves.

The flooring wards off moisture. Since it’s a seamless surface, it doesn’t allow moisture to pass through to the subfloor. Moisture penetrating through a surface can damage the subfloor and the pool foundation. Plus, moisture attracts bigger problems like mold or mildew.

Rubber surfaces look strikingly attractive and can elevate the aesthetics of the pool area.

8. Home Gym

If you have a home gym or are considering building one, it’s wise to install a shock-absorbing surface like rubber. Rubber surfaces are known to return the energy expended during high-intensity workouts, thus improving the effectiveness of your exercise sessions.

Further, since it absorbs shocks, it protects you from common workout injuries. The surface also withstands the impact of heavyweights being dropped around. This is why most public gyms install safety rubber surfacing.

9. Garage

Your garage could use heavy-duty and durable flooring like rubber surfacing. In most American households, garages double up as a workshop, a home gym, or even a leisure room. In such a case, you need a durable floor like rubber surfacing that’ll not just stand up to heavy equipment, vehicles, and chemicals but also be comfortable underfoot. Hence, a rubber surface is an ideal flooring option for garages.

10. Basement

Basements tend to be cool and damp. However, when refurbished this space can add another living space to your home. Because of its versatility and durability, rubber surfacing is ideal for basements, regardless of what you want to use this space for.

Summing Up

Rubber surfacing is gaining popularity as a suitable flooring option for residential areas. The surface is durable, easy to clean and maintain, and has a unique aesthetic appeal. No wonder, an increasing number of Americans are installing rubber surfacing in most parts of their homes.

If you are planning to undertake a rubber surfacing project get in touch with River Rock Resurfacing. Our team of professionals will understand your needs, study the site conditions, and offer the most suitable surfacing options for your home.

Call us on + (1) 303 424 7905 or drop in a line at